Cappadocia Underground City
Underground cities of CappadociaThere are many ideas, myths and extraordinary explanations about underground cities. We need to first specify that ‘Underground City‘ is not a proper city where people live permanently. They were first carved as storages then enlarged as defensive underground castles. Later first Christians in the area used and enlarged them as underground secret churches. Eventually, they were used as storages again until we discovered them as interesting tourist attraction underground cities. Geological composition of tuff and basalt stone in Cappadocia gives a great opportunity to carve cave houses, stables and storages. Thus when human history and first-ever found villages started to occur, people carved their caves in rock formations. We can easily say that the first underground cities date back to the first man in this region.
Carving one, two or three level cave houses into fairy chimneys is rather easy than carving seven or eight levels of underground city. Shockingly these deep underground cities were carved by very clever and talented hands. Providing air circulation, protecting entrances from the enemies, feeding people and organizing them without caos. These were just a couple of great things people accomplished.
How to go? What is the entrance fee? Which is the best way to understand an underground city?
The best way to discover an underground city is visiting with a professional tour guide. You need to know that underground cities are not welcome claustrophobia. Narrow tunnels, small rooms and other visitors can make you feel little claustrophobic.
Derinkuyu Underground city
Derinkuyu underground city as eight levels, Tunnels are rather wider than Kaymakli and Ozkonak underground cities,
Offers many different rooms such as storage, church, kitchens, stables, graveyard, water well.
It all started with ingenious hands carving to earth with passion. It is yet to be certain when and who did begin to carve them but even the discovered parts makes it to be one of the most mysterious underground cities on earth. Derinkuyu is one of the oldest and largest underground cities in the world, and it’s true size is not known. It’s believed that Derinkuyu is almost as old as scripture and it can be home for more than five thousand people. Tunnels which are no larger than half the size of a man, rooms connected to each other, dark tunnels they all carved into rock and its all parts yet to be discovered.
Derinkuyu underground city was discovered by locals in 1963 and opened for tourism in 1965. Today you can see just %10 of the whole city and you can go down to minus 8 floors. It is estimated that Derinkuyu Underground City covers around 11 square meters.
Tip: Underground cities are mysterious places in Cappadocia and since there is not enough evidence about them, there are many different explanations and information about the underground cities.
Kaymakli Underground city
Its narrow tunnels offer a strong feeling of being in the underground city, Has eight levels but you can visit only four of them. Winery and stone gate is must-see.
The inhabitants of the village of Kaymaklı, whose ancient name is “Enegüp”, have constructed their homes near 100 or more tunnels of the underground city. Even today, villagers pass through these tunnels and utilize the appropriate places of the underground city as cellars, storerooms and stables. Underground city of Kaymaklı is different from the Derinkuyu in terms of both its plan and its establishment. Its passages are low, narrow and slopping. Currently, four floors have been unearthed and the spaces are concentrated around the ventilation shafts. In the first floor of the underground city, stables are located. The church on the 2nd floor has a single nave and two apsis. In front of the apsis is an altar, and on the sides there are seating platforms.
The most important areas of the underground city are on the 3rd floor. Besides numerous storage places, wineries and kitchen, the block of andesite with relief-texture found on this floor is very interesting. The stone was not brought here from outside but was part of the andesite layer unearthened while hollowing. To be used for when there is a need, 57 holes were carved on the surface of the stone for crushing and grinding purposes. Even though the whole city has not been completely opened, and since only 4 floors have been uncovered, it is certain that Kaymakli is one of the largest underground settlements in the region. It is accepted as the widest underground city of Cappadocia, among the explored ones. The number of the storage rooms in such a small area supports the idea that a great number of people resided here.
Ozkonak Underground city
Ozkonak Underground city has easy access from one to an other level Tunnels are rather wider than Derinkuyu underground city
Not too busy as Kaymakli or Derinkuyu underground cities, thus you can better focus on your experience.
There are always public busses to access these underground cities but you have to change your transport more than one time. The easiest way to go these underground cities is booking a tour with a professional tour guide. Daily regular tour or private tour usually covers entrance fees.
If you want to visit them by yourself, you can buy one entrance tickets from the entrances or you can buy Museum Pass cards which will be more reasonable.
Where is Cappadocia Underground City? When i should go to Cappadocia Underground City? How much does it cost Cappadocia Underground City entrance?