Underground cities of Cappadocia
Cappadocia is a genuine fairyland. Besides its visual landscape, it has over 36 underground cities. These mysterious underground cities make a great sensation for anyone who visits Cappadocia.
There are many ideas, myths and extraordinary explanations about underground cities. We need to first specify that ‘Underground City‘ is not a proper city where people live permanently. They were first carved as storages then enlarged as defensive underground castles. Later first Christians in the area used and enlarged them as underground secret churches.
Eventually, they were used as storages again until we discovered them as interesting tourist attraction underground cities. Geological composition of tuff and basalt stone in Cappadocia gives a great opportunity to carve cave houses, stables and storages. Thus when human history and first-ever found villages started to occur, people carved their caves in rock formations. We can easily say that the first underground cities date back to the first man in this region.
Carving one, two or three level cave houses into fairy chimneys is rather easy than carving seven or eight levels of underground city. Shockingly these deep underground cities were carved by very clever and talented hands. Providing air circulation, protecting entrances from the enemies, feeding people and organizing them without caos. These were just a couple of great things people accomplished.
To witness the best underground city experience we can suggest Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu, Özkonak Underground cities.
How to go? What is the entrance fee? Which is the best way to understand an underground city?
The best way to discover an underground city is visiting with a professional tour guide. You need to know that underground cities are not welcome claustrophobia. Narrow tunnels, small rooms and other visitors can make you feel little claustrophobic.
Kaymakli Underground city
Its narrow tunnels offers a strong feeling of being in underground city,
Has eight levels but you can visit only four of them.
winery and stone gate is must see.
Ozkonak Underground city
Has easy access from one to an other level
Tunnels are rather wider than Derinkuyu underground city
Not too busy as Kaymakli or Derinkuyu underground cities, thus you can better focus on your experience.
There are always public busses to access these underground cities but you have to change your transport more than one time. The easiest way to go these underground cities is booking a tour with a professional tour guide. Daily regular tour or private tour usually covers entrance fees. Yet if you want to visit them by your self you can buy one entrance tickets from the entrances or you can buy Museum Pass cards which will be more reasonable.